Many a times we come across people selling some special currency notes of India or other countries with special numbers on it. Like a currency note with 000001 or 786 or 108 or 1008 on them. We take these currency notes as lucky charm for us.
- Auspicious as per our religious believes.
- Lucky number as per numerology.
- Good for currency collectors.
- A hobby with good returns.
Many a times we see people selling such currencies at 10 times or even 100 times of their initial value. It’s illegal to sell currency like this but there is no price for those who want to take them at any cost. Before we tell you about importance of these religious numbers let us show you some of such currencies that we personally own.
1. 2000 INR with double digits on it. (lucky charm for double digit counters and total of 10 of all digits on it).
2. 2000 INR with only 1008 on it. Available for Rs. 2 Lakh. (High price as 1008 is unique on this note).
3. 2000 INR with 786 number on it. Available for Rs. 20 Thousand. (low price as other no. also with 786)
Note : Before you ask us to sell you these currency do understand that it is not legal to buy them.
Why is the number 786 symbolic in Islam and what does it mean?
The number 786 that many Muslims from the Sub-Continent use to signify “in the name of Allah, the ever merciful, the ever compassionate,” is derived from an ancient system of Arabic numerology called abjad. This system of numerology has a long history dating back to the Urgarty manuscripts 1500 years before the birth of Jesus (a). In this system each letter is assigned a certain number between 1 and 1000. For instance the alif is ascribed the number 1, the ya’ is ascribed the number 10, the qaaf is ascribed the number 100, and the ghayn is ascribed the number 1000.
The numbers related to the words are then added and one reaches a number signifying the word. For instance the Arabic word ‘Ali is: 70 (ayn) + 30 (lam) + 10 (ya) = 110. You can calculate the following numbers equaling 786 below:
There are a few traditions from the Imams (a) regarding the amjad system of numerology. For instance it has been reported that Imam Rida (a) said: “The first thing that Allah created for mankind to learn were the mu’jam letters.”
Harun Yahya states that abjad numerology foretold the landing on the moon in 1969. The verse of the Quran “The hour [has drawn near] and the moon has split.” (54:1) when added in the abjad system equals 1390, which is the hijri equivalent to the gregorian year 1969. Allah knows best if this is just coincidence or if there is something there.
Also, it has been reported that the Prophet of Islam (s) said: “Learn the science of interpreting abjad letters for it is sheer amazement.”
Thus, many Islamic mystics (‘ufufa) have witten books on abjad numerology, including Muhyiddin Arabi. In Al-Durr al-Maknufi ‘Ilm al-Huruf, he states: “God has taught Adam the I’sm A’ẓam that the whole universe complies by. Then he (Adam) taught his son, Seth, the science of letters, which was later inherited by Idris (A.S.). Idris was a messenger that had received thirty books (scriptures) from God and was given the administrator of science of letters, mysteries of wisdom, numbers and heavens and it has been said that he was the first to write a pen. He wrote a book named “Ganje Asrār (The Treasure of Secrets)” that King Tanklū and Thābit bin Qorat Ḥarrānī have written an exposition on it. And when I met him (prophet Idrīs, in a vision)I asked of these two expositions and he answered: these two expositions only cover the external layer of the book while the rest is hidden and sealed within. Then he revealed a number of unknown secrets that the no other than great mystics are aware of. The science of letters was afterwards inherited by the Harāmisah of Egypt who were forty people.”
He continues: “Imam ‘Ali was the inheritor of the science of letters from God’s messenger, subsequently, Imam Hussein, then Imam Zayn al-Abidin, then Imam Baqir, then Imam Sadeq. And Imam Sadeq was the one who dived within the oceans of this science and revealed its secrets and the one who spoke of the science of jafr and letters and discretely write about it and said: Our knowledge is a hidden book on a patulous sheet…that is in the possession of us, Jafr Abyaḍ, Jafr Aḥmar, Jafr Akbar and Jafr Asghar who will all accompany Imam Muḥammad Mahdi at the end of time and the Imam is the only one who knows it (science of letters) complete.”
WHY HINDUS RESORT TO ENIGMATIC 108 AND 1008 NAMES OF DEITY FOR WORSHIP?
Hindus worship their chosen deity chanting 108 names called Ashtottara Sata or popularly Ashtottara or 1008 names called Sahasranaama Ashtottra or popularly known as Sahasranaama. Temples often conduct Lakshaarchana Worship in which Sahasranaama is repeated 100 times (in reality1008x100=100800 times). Homas are often resorted to offering even foodstuff like Modakam 108 or 1008 times for Ganesha. Hanuman is garlanded with many food items of count 108 (vadamaalai or fruits). All the popular deities have their own individual Ashtottaras and often their own Sahasranaamas too. Many a times Vishnu Sahasranaama is employed for all Vaishnava male deities (for example Venkateshwara). Nobody has attempted to go beyond 1008 names of the Lord. It is true humans have their limitations and even Bheeshma stopped at 1031 names of Vishnu in VSN. In VSN there are exactly 1031 single names though called Sahasranaama.
Since the devotees have different forms to contemplate upon according to the deity of their choice, we have different Sahasranamas available to us today: Siva Sahasranama, Lalita Sahasranama, Sri Rama Sahasranama etc., to mention a few. These thousand names provide us with thousand clear arrow-marks rising from the known, indicating unknown. Contemplation upon these can deepen our faith, broaden our devotion to and heighten our understanding of the All-Pervading Reality. These Ashtottaras and Sahasranamas owe their origin to Sata Rudram contained in Krishnayajur Veda and later to Vishnu Sahasranama sung by Bheeshma in glorification of Lord Krishna while lying on the bed of the arrows overpowered by the Viswaroopa (Cosmic Form) of the Lord.
The number 108 and 1008 stand foremost amongst all sacred numbers and appear as the true or enigmatic cardinal numbers of all manners for philosophical reasoning and religious conviction in the Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Sikh and other Asiatic Cultures. All countries of the world recognize that Hinduism gave birth to Arabic numbers 0 to 9 though wrongly called Arabic, specially the integer 0, but for whose discovery the modern scientific advancement in the field of science and computers would not have been possible. Arabs being the earliest traders who traded with India learnt these numbers as well as mathematics from Hindus and Westerners seeing their popularity with Arabs called them Arabic numbers. Signs of Numbers counting up to very huge quantities like praraardha (10 raised to the power of 14), the decimal and duo-decimal systems, the concept of zero and infinity, quadratic equations, surds and indeterminate analysis were all familiar subjects in ancient India as described in my discourse “Ancient and medieval Hindus contribution to Science and Technology”.
Hindus are familiar with the Mantra: “Poornamadah poornamidam poornaat poornamduchyate | poornasya poornamaadaaya poornameva avasishyate”—that is Whole, this is whole, the whole becomes manifest. From the Whole, when the Whole negated, what remains is again the Whole. In Hinduism Brahman is considered as Poornam represented by integer zero or soonya. In this mantra whole represents un-manifest Brahman who becomes manifest. If we just consider Whole in the Mantra as Zero the statement of the mantra holds good too because anything you do with 0 mathematically remains zero (0+0=0; , 0X0=0; 0/0=0; 0 raised to any power is 0 etc.). Thus ideally integer “0”represents Nirguna Brahman. In 108, “1” represents Sadguna Brahman (Tadekam glorified in Vedas). He is supported by 8 Dikpalaks taking care of all 8 directions. So 9 of them together form the visible Brahman in the manifested world (8+1=9). So, Integer “9” ideally represents manifested Brahman. So in 108 or 1008 if you add all integers it comes to 9 while 0 Nirguna Brahman is the silent spectator.
Why do temple traditions resort to Sahasranaama Ashtottara (1008 names of the Lord) or Satanaama Ashtottara (108 names of the Lord) often referred simply as Ashtottara. Ashtottara means accompanying eight. Therefore Sahasranama Ashtottara means 1000 accompanied by eight or simply 1008 names.
Why do we have to resort to 108 or 1008 names of the Lord? God’s name is indescribable and limitless. Yet we stop at these feeling human limitations based on Satarudram of Krishna Yajurveda and VSN by Bheeshma. Does not mere 100 or 1000 chants or counts enough? Why additional eight? After reciting 100 mantras or 1000 mantras addressed to Supreme Being eight extra mantras are added for any commission or omission. This is an inborn nature of Hindus who always like to add one more to any donation. They always donate 101 rupees and not 100. For some, more than the birthday celebration the day after birthday celebration is considered more important. Probably 100 mantras are meant for Brahman and extra eight are meant for his Eight Bodyguards Ashta Dikpalakas who maintain orderliness in the world in all eight directions to whom they pay equal respect without any partiality. This additional eight has also crept into Buddhist practice in meditation of 100 or 1000 mantras.
“Why are there 108 beads on a Japamala?” The mala represents the ecliptic, the path of the sun and moon across the sky. Astrologers divide the ecliptic into 27 equal sections called Nakshatras, and each of these into four equal sectors called Paadas, or “Steps”, marking 27X4= 108 steps that the sun and moon take through heaven. We count 108 beads in the Japamala or rosary of beads during prayer to represent these 108 steps. Each is associated with a particular blessing force, with which we align ourselves as we turn the beads. Also 54 letters of Sanskrit are supposed to be divine and are represented by the Japamaala.Each letter is supposed contain Purusha(Siva) and Prakriti (Sakti) part. Japamaala contains often 54 beads or occasionally 108 but worn short practically in two rounds of 54 which are held together with a central bead called Meru bead. In Pradosham worship circumambulation is done by going forward and backward in a semicircle as in 54 beads Japamala to count 108 and so going forth and backward is permitted. Traditionally, we stop at the “Meru Bead”, flip the mala around in our hand and continue reciting the mantra as we move backward through the beads. We are spiritually interconnected with all of nature. Using a mala in prayer is a symbolic way of connecting ourselves with the cosmic cycles governing our universe.
Also, the distance between the earth and the sun is approximately 108 times the sun’s diameter. The diameter of the sun is about 108 times the earth’s diameter. And the distance between the earth and the moon is 108 times the moon’s diameter. This could be the reason why our scripture consider 108 to be sacred.
The microcosm representing humans essentially reflects the macrocosm of the universe as explained in several of Vedanta discourses. We could say that there are 108 steps between the ordinary human awareness and the divine light at the center of our being. Each time we chant another mantra as our mala beads slip through our fingers, we are taking one more step towards our own inner light called Aatman.
In Kundalini Power concept chakras are the intersections of energy lines. It is said that there are 108 energy lines converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, Sushumna leads to the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to Self-realization.
On the Sri chakra there are what are called marmas or sacred intersections where three lines intersect. There are 54 such intersections. Each intersection is represented by Siva as Purusha or masculine component and Sakti as Prakriti or feminine component coming together. 54 times 2 equal 108 divine powers. Thus, there are 108 points that define the Sri chakra as well as the human body. Marmas or marmasthanas are like energy intersections called chakras, having fewer energy lines converging to form them. There are said to be 108 marmas in the subtle body.
In astrological concept there are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. Here again 9 X12 =108. Chandra is moon, and Kalas are the divisions within a whole.
Since the mantras are used for self-purification it can be described as followings based on Buddhist philosophy. Every human being has 5 cognitive senses (Jnanendriyas) and Manas totaling 6. Essentially through these one commits sins. These can have positive negative or indifferent approach. Therefore 6X3=18. We pray for their attachment or detachment. Some seek liberation but majority seek favor from God (Phalasrutis). Therefore it becomes 18X2=36. This could have happened in the past or can happen now or might happen in the future. That is 36X3=108. Therefore mantras are repeated 108 times. This is the Buddhist way of thinking. As you all know Buddhism is an offshoot of Hinduism only difference being Buddhism is silent on Brahman but does not negate it as they have of late elevated Buddha to that position and there are many Buddha Avatars. Probably 8 Dikpaalakas are replaced by 8 paths of Dharma (the eight spokes). These are the eight spokes of Dharma chakra of Buddhism found in Indian National Flag. Japanese Bell rings 108 times on New Year’s Day. There are said to be 108 earthly desires in mortals, 108 lies that humans tell and 108 human delusions or forms of ignorance in Hindu belief.
In one minute, we breathe in approximately 15 times and in 1 hour 900 times. In 12 hours we breathe in 10800 times. So in a full day one breathes 10800 X 2=21600 times. It is interesting to note Chidambaram temple’s roof is made up of 21600 gold sheets representing 21600 breaths taken by humans every day. Chidambaram Temple contains many secrets called Chidambara Rahasyam and this is one of them. We often hear a Hindu temple represents human body and Garbha-griha represents Aatman or Self within us. A day consists of 24 hours, and if we set aside half the day for our day to day routines, then one can spend 12 hours for recitation or meditation of one’s chosen deity or Ishta devata. Therefore, the maximum numbers of times that one can recite “mantra”, or meditate are 10800. It is not practical to go through 10800 times each day. 108 or 1+8=9 represents Brahman. If each bead is considered as 108 that is 1 % of the total benefit (10800/108). When one goes through 108 beads he would have arrived at 100% performance (108X100=10800). That is why Japamalas have 108 beads as some people think.
In Hindu religion, number 9 is very important. Keeping the importance of number 9, Vedavyaasa created 18 Puranas, 108 Upanishads. (However, later many scriptures were fashioned after Upanishads and were called Upanishads which are not attributed to Vedavyasa). Mahabharata has 18 chapters, Geeta has 18 chapters, Bhagavata has 108000 Slokas (verses). In all these if you add all integers in the number it adds up to 9. For e.g. in 18, 1+8=9 and in 108 1+0+8=18. Chamakam asks a spiritual seeker to meditate upon 33 odd and 48 even numbers. If you add all the integers in these it comes to 18 (3+3+4+8=18). By a strange coincidence Sage Vedavyaasa is the author of all these scriptures. Did he postulate the mystery and myth of 9, 18 and 108? 9 is Saguna Brahman with 8 Dikpalaka. 9X12=108 where 12 is the 12 names of the Omnipresent (Vishnu) we chant in our daily prayers (Dwaadasanaama)—Achyuta, Ananta, Govinda, Madhava, Vishnu, Madhusoodhana, Trivikrama, Vaamana, Sridhara, Hrishikesa, Damodara and Padmanabha. It is believed that Atman, the human soul goes through 108 stages on its journey.
In Chidambaram, a holy city in Tamil Nadu, Siva is worshiped as Akaasa Linga or space known for its Chidmabara Rahasyam (sercret). Here everybody’s focus is on the Yantra (geometrical symbol of the deity) adorned with golden necklaces to the right of Nataraja. This is the place of the Aakaasa Linga and is known as Chidambara Rahasya, the secret of Chidambaram. It is kept covered by a screen which is pushed aside twice a day for facilitating the devotees to view it. People often do not pay attention to several other mysteries that abound in this temple. This temple has 9 Kalasas (9 saktis of Parasakti) and 9 gates (as in human body), 9 being the enigmatic sacred number. Our body consists of Nava Dwaaras or nine exits. They are: Nose (2); Eyes (2); Ear (2); Mouth (1); and Excretory organs (2)–One each for human refusals. It has 18 pillars in one of its Mantapams (Hall next to Artha Mantapam) which again represents 18 Puranas where 1+8=9. It has 21600 gold sheets fixed with 72000 gold nails. Here again if you add all integers it comes to mysterious number 9: 2+1+6+0+0=9; 7+2+0+0+0=9. Its boundary wall is 9 meter high. I am not sure whether the architect had the sacred number 9 in mind when constructing this temple? Tamils may even claim this temple is built by Viswakarma. Local tradition says it is 2000 years old. History tells it was built in stages by several kings (Chola, Pandya, Krishnadevaraya etc.) maintaining the architectural harmony and sacredness. All the 108 modes of dancing known to the treatises of dancing have come from Siva. Only 9 (1+8) modes of dancing are described of which the Nataraja aspect (that of Saguna Brahman) is the most well-known. It is said he dances every evening in order to relieve the sufferings of creatures and entertain the divines who gather in Kailasa in full strength. Hence he is called Sabhapati, The Lord of the congregation.
Hindus in their daily ritual of Thrikaala (3 twilight periods of morning, mid-day and evening) Sandhyavandana concentrate on 9 aspects of Brahman–3 Trinities in Purusha aspect of Vishnu (morning), Brahma (noon) and Siva (evening); also three aspects of Savitri, Gaayatri and Saraswathi (Prakriti) aspect or as Jnaanasakti, Kriyasakti and Icchha sakti); and Trigunas Sattva (morning), Rajas (mid-day) and Tamas (evening). These 9 aspects are directed to 12 Adityas (Vyhritis of Brahman). Here again 9×12=108 (Please refer to my discourse on “Prologue to Sandhyavandana Rituals of Hindus, October 2014”)
One of the special features of Sabarimalai, the pilgrimage center in Kerala is the Pathinettupadi, a flight of 18 steps. So also Puri Jagannath Temple has 18 steps. These steps represent eighteen principles (5 sense organs+8 internal enemies like lust greed etc., +3 Gunas +vidya and Avidya) which have to be transcended to reach God. This could also be interpreted somewhat differently. We have eighteen steps to climb and at each step we have to overcome Shadripus (6 enemies or egos)—Kaama(Passion), Krodha (Anger), Moha (Lust), Lobha (greed), Mada (haughtiness), Maatsarya (enemity). That makes 18X6= 108 times these enemies that we have to overcome as we climb 18 steps.
There is yet another way of looking at it with positive thinking. Ashtottara is the divine act praising the glory of the Lord 108 times as is generally understood. Supreme Being is addressed as Bhagavan as you learn from Geetaa.BHAGAVAAN possesses six unique qualities–Power to command everything( AISWARYA); To defeat the enemies ( VEERYA) ; Unobstructed knowledge of everything (JNANA); Unlimited wealth and prosperity (SRI) ; Non- attachment to Prakruthi and material objects (VAIRAAGYA) ; Fame (YASAS). [Utpattim pralayam chiava bhootaanaamagatim gatim |vetti vidyaam avidyaam cha sa vaachyo bhagavaaniti|| (Wealth; Power; Dharma; Fame; Character: Knowledge; and Dispassion—Bhagavatam)] One has to climb 18 steps to reach the Supreme as we learn from Sabarimalai. You climb each step praising his six glories as Bhagawan. That makes 18X6= 108 or Ashtottara Sata.
Vedas proclaim Sun as Brahman (Vyaahriti) and Sun has 12 signs (Zodiac signs). Also there are 9 planets or Navagrahas–12X9=108. Therefore Hindus pray 108 times seeking favorable disposition from the nine planets.
Chandogya Upanishad says all Vedas declare Om as the goal in life. Here reference to Vedas is to the 108
Upanishads in a circle which all point towards that center OM. OM is not found in Rig Veda or Atharva
Veda. Just like these arrows that do not run parallel but point towards one center, they all uni-vocally declare
OM is Brahman in his Nirguna and Saguna form, both manifest and un-manifest. It stands for the Absolute.
108 represents OM repeated in 108 Upanishads.
In Hindu Puranas we hear of 4 Yugas. Kaliyuga consists of 432000 human years, 4+3+2=9. Dwaparayuga consists of 864000 human years. 8+6+4=18, while 1+8=9. Tretayuga consists of 1296000 human years, where 1+2+9+6=18 while 1+8=9. Kritayuga consists of 1728000 human years, where 1+7+2+ 8=18 while 1+8=9. Brahman is Time as each Yuga ends up with the mystic number 9.
Hindu philosophy motivated by Poornam (0) and the odd and even numbers in Chamakam on which people devote thinks 108 and 1008 are divine. This has made Ashottara Satanamavali and Ashtottara Sahasra Namavali Archana (with Tulsi, Bilva, Kumkuma, flower etc.) very popular in physical worship of the deity. Even Hanuman is decorated with a garland of 108 Vadas (cereal donuts, a South Indian delicacy).
108 is a mystic number for Hindus and so is 1008. In both 0 represents Nirguna Brahman and 1 represents Saguna Brahaman as explained in the discourse “What do Odd and Even Numbers in Chamakam signify?” and “Thinking of Divinity of Numbers”. Figure 8 represents the 8 Dikpalaks with whose assistance Saguna Brahman rules the world of 8 quarters or directions. There is something mystical about 108 if we mathematically extend our thoughts to spirituality. If we add all the individual numbers in 108 it becomes Nine, 1+0+8=9. This nine is indestructible are Akshara. That is how Navaaksharee is considered as sacred. If we multiply 1X9 it is nine. (1X9=9); 2×9=18 and 1+8=9; 3X9=27 and 2+7=9; 4X9=36 and 3+6=9; 4X9=36 and 3+6=9; 5X9=45 and 4+5=9; 6X9 =54 and 5+4=9; 7X9=63 and 6+3=9; 8X9=72 and 7+2=9; 9X9=81 and 8+1=9.
108X2=216 and 2+1+6=9; 108X3=324 and 3+2+4=9; 108X4=432 and 4+3+2=9; 108X5=540 and 5+4=9; 108X6=648 and 6+4+8=18 while 1+8=9; 108X7=756 and 7+5+6=18 while 1+8=9; 108X8=864 and 8+6+4=18 while 1+8=9; 108X9=972 and 9+7+2=18 while 1+8=9.
1008 also behaves similarly. 1+0+0+8=9. 9 is a sacred number with Saguna Brahman and 8 Dikpalakas. 0+0=0 and is always Poornam as in the mantra“Pooranamadah Poornamidam” Now 1008X2=2016 and 2+1+6=9; 1008X3=3024 and 3+2+4=9; 1008X4=4032 and 4+3+2=9; 1008X5=5040 and 5+4=9; 1008X6=6048 and 6+4+8=18 while 1+8=9; 1008X7=7056 and 7+5+6=18 while 1+8=9; 1008X8=8064 and 8+6+4=18 while 1+8=9; 1009X9=9081 and 9+8+1=18 while 1+8=9.
Usually Sahasranama and Ashtottara are in verse form and have words in Nominative case only. The naamasankeertana (naamasmarana or recollecting the glory of God through a standardized list of names) is different from Japa while the latter is repetition of a single name over and over again the former is recitation of large number of names for articulation. When the text is recited as a chant (Path or patha) the verses are read or sung as they actually are. Bur when the names are used for ritualistic worship the names are taken out individually and pronounced along with a prefix Om and suffix namah which are added to each names. In rituals like offering of flowers, Tulasi or Bel leaves or Kumkuma (vermilion powder) offering unto the altar of the deity the word namah is added to every name, converted to the dative case.
While reciting the name continuously care must be taken to introduce a slight pause after each namah so that the next name starts distinctly with an Om. The expression namah (meaning paying obeisance) is the proper termination of each name as a mantra, just as Om is the proper commencement. The name articulated without an Om at the beginning would fail to be a mantra and thus would be ineffective.
Brihat Parasara Smriti says: “The expression Om is not only a mystic ejaculation, the mere utterance of which will heighten the power and enrich the meaning of the mantra, but it is a composite of three alphabets A, U and Ma which represent several triads: The three Gods-Braham, Vishnu and Siva; The three Vedas—Rig, Yajur and Saama; the three worlds—Bhooh, Bhuvaha and Suvaha; the three Vedic Gods—Soorya, Agni and Soma; the three states of existence—wakefulness, dream and deep sleep; the three conditions of Consciousness—Antah- prajnya, Bahirprajnaya and Ghanaprajnya corresponding to the three states of Consciousness; the three phases of time—past, present and future; The three genders(linga)—Pum, stree and nishkalaa. All things in the universe are pervaded by Om. Without Om no sound can be uttered and nothing can be communicated while offering worship or meditating. “Yadvedaadau svaraprokto vedaantecha pratishtitah”—it is obligatory to pronounce the Pranava Om at the commencement of any Vedanta study as well as at the end (MNU).
Also Hindus go out of the way to find out the significance of 108 though that logic may not hold good for 1008 sometimes. When a Hindu goes to temple for ashtottara worship or recites ashtottara he means only 108. The literal meaning of Ashtottara is additional eight. One such example is in astrology: the metal silver is said to represent the moon (Chaand in Hindi). Its atomic weight by a strange coincidence is 108.
Thinking Mathematically Hindus affirm: Powers of 1, 2, and 3 in Mathematics: 1 raised to the first power =1; 2 raised to 2nd power=4 (2×2); 3 raised 3rd power=27 (3x3x3). 1x4x27=108. 108 is a Harshad number, which is an integer divisible by the sum of its digits (Harshad) in Sanskrit means “great joy”), The angle formed by two adjacent lines in a pentagon equals 108 degrees, circumscribe a pentagon in a circle and measure the intersecting apex angles.
1, 0, and 8: Some say that 1 stands for God or higher Truth, 0 stands for emptiness or completeness in spiritual practice (Gunaateeta), and 8 stands for infinity or eternity. “Ashrtaiswaryam avaapnoti” is a saying in Sanskrit meaning one attains eight kinds of wealth which again means limitless or infinite.
108 in other religions: In Islam the number 108 is used to refer to God. In the Jain religion, 108 are the combined virtues of five categories of holy ones, including 12, 8, 36, 25, and 27 virtues respectively. In the Sikh tradition a mala of 108 knots tied in a string of wool, rather than beads is used for meditation. Some Buddhists carve 108 small Buddhas on a walnut for good luck. Some ring a bell 108 times to celebrate the New Year. There are said to be 108 virtues to cultivate and 108 defilements to avoid. The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each. Chinese astrology says that there are 108 sacred stars.
In Jainism number 108 is very auspicious. Inner passions (4)–Anger, Pride, Deceit and Greed. This awakens the (3) Guptis–Mind, Speech and Body (Thought, Word and Deed), to Plan, Prepare and Perpetrate (3), that is to: bad act by himself, have someone else do the bad act or encourage someone who is doing the bad act (3). Now 4 multiplied by 3 =12 and that multiplied by 3=36. This 36 multiplied by 3=108 (sins committed in three times of the day). These are the 108 ways of committing sin in a day.That is why the Jain recite these mantras 108 times to repent their sins and ask for forgiveness.
Hindus attach great importance to Ganges as the most sacred heavenly river. River Ganga spans a longitude of 12 degrees and a latitude of 9 degrees. Here again 12 times 9 = 108.
Gauda Vaishanva Tradition (Sampradaya) of Chaitnya Mahaprabhu glorifies 108 Gopis as inseparable jeevatmas attached to Supreme Brahman or Krishna (Krishnena satabahuna in MNU)
Surprisingly Yuri Gregarin spent 108 minutes in space during his first flight to space on April12, 1964. Was he meditating too for 108 minutes? Did he believe too in the sacredness of 108? This may not be a surprise as Russia is one among the top ten countries that regularly visit my website Hindu Reflections: <nrsrini.blogspot.com>
NOTE: The most fascinating scientific knowledge our ancients had is that Sun diameter is 108 times bigger than earth diameter. This knowledge at that time may not be the most accurate but very close to accurate (109.1251) and how in the world the knowledgeable ancient civilization discovered this fact is itself a topic of in-depth discussion. BTW the sun diameter is 1,392,000 KM and earth diameter is 12,756 Km which calculates to be 109.1251 times. This difference in the numbers attribute to the ancient way of calculations vs modern day scientific expertise and calculations.
Similarly the distance from earth to moon is approx. 108 times the diameter of moon. The distance is 238,900 miles (384,400 KM) and the diameter of moon is 2,159 miles (3,474 KM) which calculates to be 110.6505. Again this error attributes to the ancient way of calculations vs modern day scientific expertise and calculations.
Properties of the number 1008
At the Brahmins, the god Civa is designated by 1008 different names. He is the god of sacrifices and the magicians. He is especially destructive, what does not prevent that he is also the doctor and the parent; because if he destroys, it is to reproduce. He is accompanied by Cakti, the goddess of the evil and the destruction.
During the passion of Our-Lord, 1008 persons mocked of Him on the cross.
The numerical value of the Hebrew word RHP, meaning to go up or to glide, gives 1008.
What you get to know is the significance of the number 108 and 1008 in Jainism.
· The total number of ways of Karma influx (Aasrav). 4 Kashays (anger, pride, conceit, greed) x 3 karanas (mind, speech, bodily action) x 3 stages of planning (planning, procurement, commencement) x 3 ways of execution (own action, getting it done, supporting or approval of action).· Total number of beads in a rosary representing a total of 108 virtues of Arihant, Siddha, Aacharya, Upadhyay and Sadhu.1008 denotes :
· 1008 shubh (auspicious) marks on the divine body of a Tirthankar.
· Tirthankar is said to have 1008 names (Veetaraag, Devaadhidev, Jineshwar, Kewali etc). (Like in Hinduism Shiva, Lakshmi, Ganesh and Vishnu are said to have 1008 names each)
· There are 1008 petals in the lotus erected by Devendra in the Samavasaran of a Tirthankar.
· In 1008, number 1 represents pure soul , 8 represents the eight karamas and 00 in between represent infinite distance between the two (pure soul and karamas).
However, to my understanding the prefix 108 and 1008 are used as a symbol of respect (used in some other religions too) and not necessarily to represent any of the above attributes.